We need to move beyond the tired distinction between “liberal” and “conservative” Catholicism. Here I try to do so by tracing both back to a common root: personalism. Both are understandable, I hold, as different kinds or varieties of personalism, and the question of how to overcome this division is to this extent a philosophical problem, not a political one. I consider how this framing relates to Church teachings on contraception, same-sex relationships, and transgender identity. Includes discussion of Descartes, Kant, Scheler, Buber, Mounier, the Catholic Worker Movement, and three popes: John Paul, Benedict, and Francis.